Mental Health Disorders Common Among The Elderly

Mental Health Disorders Common Among The Elderly

Older adults all over the world have high risk of developing mental disorders. There is so much being done to prevent and treat mental disorders in young people. While this is a good thing, the focus should also be on how to prevent and treat mental disorders that are common among people who are over 65. Here are some of the most common elderly mental health disorders.

  1. Bipolar disorders

Also known as manic-depressive illnesses, bipolar disorders are usually marked by atypical mood shifts. In more often than not, bipolar disorders are usually misdiagnosed in older adults because its symptoms are normal with the typical aging process, mainly related to Alzheimer’s and dementia. Older individuals with bipolar disorders in tits manic phase are usually more irritated and agitated than usual. Symptoms of late-onset bipolar disorder include psychosis, agitation, confusion, irritability, and hyperactivity. Thorough diagnosis by a medical professional is highly recommended and a 2019 medicare advantage plan will come in handy when you go to the doctor so get one at https://www.medicareadvantage2019.org/

  • Depression

Depression is known as one of the most persistent mental health concerns among senior citizens. If untreated, depression can lead to mental and physical impairments. It can also impede an individual’s social functioning. Besides, it can be an obstacle in the treatment and management of other elderly chronic health conditions. Watch for the symptoms such as ongoing sadness, discomfort or physical pain, problems sleeping, and distancing from the activities formerly enjoyed. If you are suffering from this mental disorder, you should visit your doctor regularly, and take medications as prescribed by the doctor. Good news is, depression can be treated successfully.

  • Anxiety disorders

Anxiety, just like depression, is a common and persistent mood disorder among senior citizens. In fact, depression and anxiety problems usually appear in tandem. According to reports by CDC, almost half of senior citizens with depression also experience anxiety. Anxiety in older adults usually goes undiagnosed because seniors often focus more on physical problems and don’t pay attention to psychiatric symptoms. Anxiety disorders in older adults is usually linked to sleeping problems, poor health, traumatic childhood, stressful events, physical impairments, side effects caused by some medications, and some cardiovascular diseases among others. Anxiety disorders can be treated by various techniques, treatments and support, including psychotherapy, medication, or even a combination of the two. In case you have an older parent, grandparent, relative, friend or neighbor, and you are suspecting that they could be having anxiety disorder, then you should ensure that they receive the necessary care and treatment.

Contraindications & Side Effects of Antithrombotic Therapy in Seniors

Contraindications & Side Effects of Antithrombotic Therapy in Seniors

Since most of the drugs used during this therapy affect the blood coagulation system, they cannot be used for acute bleeding, as well as for the first six months after a hemorrhagic stroke or internal bleeding. There can be some other contraindications as well some of which include:

  • vascular malformations (a combination of an artery and vein “directly”);
  • aggravation of peptic ulcer disease;
  • severe liver disease;
  • malignant hypertension;
  • vitamin K deficiency;
  • low platelet count in the blood;
  • oncopathology.

If a person takes “warfarin”, you need to cancel therapy before any surgical intervention. If the operation is carried out urgently, it is necessary to inform the anesthesiologist about taking anticoagulants. In this case, measures will be taken, and it will be possible to reduce the risk of massive bleeding. After surgery, you need to ask when you can resume taking anticoagulants. Independent use of anticoagulants in the postoperative period is fraught with internal bleeding.

Side Effects of Antithrombotic Therapy:

Any antithrombotic drugs, but mostly indirect anticoagulants can cause:

  • bleeding from the stomach and intestines (vomiting with streaks of blood, blood in the feces, although this may be imperceptible);
  • bleeding into the brain substance (especially against the background of arterial hypertension);
  • uterine bleeding;
  • pulmonary hemorrhage;
  • epistaxis – especially when blood pressure rises;
  • renal bleeding (dark urine color);
  • subcutaneous hemorrhages (bruises);
  • allergies (itchy rash, swelling of the face, difficulty breathing);
  • gastrointestinal disorders: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting;
  • temporary baldness.

If any of the above complications occur, urgently consult with the doctor who prescribed you antithrombotic drugs. Thus, antithrombotic therapy is necessary for all elderly people, with rare exceptions. Only a doctor can select the drug – taking into account the indications, body weight, the functioning of the kidney, along with a few other factors. This is usually the responsibility of the cardiologist.

Additional Tips for Seniors Taking Antithrombotic Therapy:

  • Make sure your vision stays healthy to avoid falls or any major injury;
  • When walking, lean on a cane or walker;
  • Get out of your bed gradually, in order to avoid a sharp drop in blood pressure;
  • Equip your bath as well as toilet with handrails;
  • Buy yourself comfortable shoes, ideally with orthopedic insoles;
  • Take vitamin D on a regular basis for preventing the onset of osteoporosis.

About Supplemental Coverage: They’re 2019 AARP Medicare supplement Plans by private insurers which cover things like copay as well as coinsurance.

Qualities Seniors Should Look For In A Company Before Buying A Stock

Qualities Seniors Should Look For In A Company Before Buying A Stock

Are you considering buying individual stocks? If yes, then you should continue reading this post. Investing in stock is very popular among older adults partly because it is not as involving as compared to most businesses and partly because it’s an old and familiar way of investing savings. Before you buy a stock, you should first of all ensure that the company you are buying individual stocks is stable, reputable, and is more likely to make huge profits in the future. Here are some of the qualities of a good company that you should buy a stock from.

  1. Profitable

A great company is profitable and can help you save on 2019 Medicare Supplement Plans You should only buy a stock from a company that makes profit. Otherwise, you will end up losing your money. To know whether a company is profitable or not, read its earnings reports and find out how much it reported as its net income in per-share earnings and in dollars. A profitable company’s earnings should be higher than its spending and debts.

  • Steady earnings

A great company has steady earnings. Before buying a stock, find out whether the earnings of that particular company is steady. A great company’s earnings growth is steady. Keep away from companies with volatile earnings. In case the company is still young, there should be clear signs that it will be able to sustain a heady growth with time.

  • Sustainable competitive position

A company might be competitive now but this doesn’t mean that it will remain competitive in the future. In case you are just a run-and gun investor who is interested in short-term gains, then this quality is not actually important. However, if you are a long-term and serious-minded investor, then you should only buy a stock from a company whose competitive position is sustainable. You don’t want to invest in a company that will be pushed out of business by its competitors because that simply means that you will lose your money.

  • A clean balance sheet

A good company that can guarantee you good returns is that which has very clean and impressive balance sheet. To have a clean balance sheet, the company’s earnings must exceed its cost of production, and the earnings must be more than its debts.

  • Great leadership

A good company has a great management team that spearheads its growth. The people on top of the leadership of the company you are considering buying stock from should be highly qualified, experienced and reputable.